The park is only accessible by boat and is known as the location where Jane Goodall pioneered her behaviour study of the common chimpanzee populations. The Kasakela chimpanzee society, which has appeared in different books and documentaries, lives in Gombe National Park.
Besides Chimpanzees, there are also baboons, red colobus, red-tailed monkeys and vervet monkeys. The park is home to more than 200 bird species and bush pigs. There are also many types of snakes and sometimes hippos and African leopards.